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Gate valve vs butterfly valve

Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2018-09-27      Origin:Site

Butterfly valve and gate valve are indispensable components in fluid pipelines, and they have a very wide range of applications. There is a difference in the function of the two, but the butterfly valve and the gate valve are more different. The most difference is appearance. 

2'' 150# gate valve          lug type metal seated butterfly valve

Butterfly valves mainly have wafer butterfly valves and flanged butterfly valves, while gate valves are mainly divided into rising stem gate valve and non-rising stem gate valve.The opening and closing part of the butterfly valve is a disc-shaped butterfly plate. The butterfly plate rotates around the valve shaft to realize the opening and closing of the valve. The butterfly valve can be used as a globe valve on the pipeline, and can also be used for regulating flow. The rotation angle of the butterfly plate is between 0-90°. When the rotation angle is 90°, the butterfly valve is in the fully open state. At this time, only the thickness of the butterfly plate is the only resistance of the fluid, and the fluid resistance is small.

 

The opening and closing part of the gate valve is called the gate. The gate is opened and closed with the valve stem lifting and lowering. The direction of the damper movement of the gate valve is perpendicular to the direction of the circulating medium in the valve body. The gate valve can only be fully open or fully closed, and can only be used as a truncated medium in the pipeline. When the gate valve is fully open, the fluid resistance in the valve body is less than the butterfly valve.

 

The butterfly valve can be used for both cut-off and flow regulation. The scope of application is wider than that of gate valves. The butterfly valve is quickly opened and closed, and can be opened and closed frequently. Therefore, the butterfly valve is the first choice in the working condition where the opening and closing speed is required or the opening and closing is frequent. Under the same caliber condition, the shape of the butterfly valve is smaller and lighter. In the working condition with limited installation space, the choice of the wafer type butterfly valve will save space. Butterfly valves of the same diameter are also cheaper than gate valves in terms of price.

 

Because of gate valve own structure, the gate valve has a smaller flow resistance than the butterfly valve, and its sealing performance is better than that of the butterfly valve. The on/off of the gate valve is laborious, and the opening and closing speed is slow. It is not suitable for use in occasions requiring frequent operation or emergency cut-off, and the gate valve can only be fully open and fully closed, and cannot be used for regulating flow. Therefore, the gate valve is mostly used for the cut-off of pipes that are strictly required for sealing performance and do not need to be frequently opened and closed. Not suitable for adjusting the parameters of the pipeline medium.

 

The gate valve has strong adaptability and can be used in high temperature, low temperature, high pressure and low pressure conditions. In steam pipes and large-diameter water supply pipes, gate valves are suitable due to the high sealing performance and small fluid resistance.


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